Philippine Government Policies towards Chinese Immigration (1949 – 1975)
Keywords:Chinese, Communism, Filipino-Chinese, Immigration, Philippines
This study focused on the Chinese immigration from 1949 to 1975, notably on the laws imposed on the immigrants in the Philippines. Migration has been part of Philippine history, as it shaped the nation’s identity throughout the years. The Chinese migrating and settling in the Philippines provided not only commercial, but also cultural relationships with natives; thus, establishing their mark in the Philippines. However, obstacles tested the Chinese immigrants as they settled in the country as continuous migrations led to government speculations of communism spreading at the height of the Cold War. Thus, the imposition of laws to restrict immigration, such as imposing quotas and policies restricting the livelihood of the Chinese community. In response, the community relied on several approaches, in hopes of eschewing deportation. The push-pull theory of migration is applied in the study, in analyzing the data gathered covering the factors for human migration through their origin, destination, and intervening obstacles. Primary sources, such as government laws and cases, as well as secondary sources like monographs and periodicals related to the said topic were likewise gathered. This study aimed to provide further information on the Filipino-Chinese identity in hopes to shed light on the origin of the stigmatism towards the Chinese community.
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